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Risk factors for recent toxoplasma infection in pregnant women in Naples

Buffolano, W; Gilbert, R; Holland, F; Fratta, D; Palumbo, F; Ades, AE; (1996) Risk factors for recent toxoplasma infection in pregnant women in Naples. Epidemiology and Infection , 116 (3) 347 - 351. 10.1017/S0950268800052675. Green open access

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Abstract

Effective primary prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis requires up to date information on locally relevant risk factors for infection in pregnant women. In Naples, risk factors for toxoplasma infection were compared in recently infected women (as assessed by detection of specific IgM in serum) and susceptible, IgG negative women. Recent infection was strongly associated with frequency of consumption of cured pork and raw meat. Eating cured pork or raw meat at least once a month increased the risk of toxoplasma infection threefold. This simple study design for determining locally relevant sources of toxoplasma infection is the first report of cured pork as a risk factor for infection. Further research is required to determine cyst viability in cured pork products. Our findings suggest that in southern Italy, cured pork and raw meat should be avoided by susceptible pregnant women.

Type: Article
Title: Risk factors for recent toxoplasma infection in pregnant women in Naples
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0950268800052675
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268800052675
Language: English
Additional information: © 1996 Cambridge University Press
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Pop, Policy and Practice Prog
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1352197
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