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The alpha 6 subunit of the GABA(A) receptor is concentrated in both inhibitory and excitatory synapses on cerebellar granule cells

Nusser, Z; Sieghart, W; Stephenson, FA; Somogyi, P; (1996) The alpha 6 subunit of the GABA(A) receptor is concentrated in both inhibitory and excitatory synapses on cerebellar granule cells. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE , 16 (1) 103 - 114. Green open access

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Abstract

Although three distinct subunits seem to be sufficient to form a functional pentameric GABAA receptor channel, cerebellar granule cells express nRNA for nine subunits. They receive GABAergic input from a relatively homogenous population of Golgi cells. It is not known whether all subunits are distributed similarly on the surface of granule cells or whether some of them have differential subcellular distribution resulting in distinct types of synaptic and/or extrasynaptic channels. Antibodies to different parts of the alpha 6 and alpha 1 subunits of the GABAA receptor and electron microscopic immunogold localization were used to determine the precise subcellular distribution of these subunits in relation to specific synaptic inputs. Both subunits were present in the extrasynaptic dendritic and somatic membranes at lower densities than in synaptic junctions. The alpha 6 and alpha 1 subunits were colocalized in many GABAergic Golgi synapses, demonstrating that both subunits are involved in synaptic transmission in the same synapse. Synapses immunopositive for only one of the alpha subunits were also found. The alpha 6, but not the alpha 1, subunit was also concentrated in glutamatergic mossy fiber synapses, indicating that the alpha 6 subunit may have several roles depending on its different locations. The results demonstrate a partially differential synaptic targeting of two distinct GABAA receptor subunits on the surface of the same type of neuron.

Type: Article
Title: The alpha 6 subunit of the GABA(A) receptor is concentrated in both inhibitory and excitatory synapses on cerebellar granule cells
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: PubMed ID: 8613776 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The license allows you to copy, distribute, and transmit the work, as well as adapting it. However, you must attribute the work to the author (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work), and cannot use the work for commercial purposes without prior permission of the author. If you alter or build upon this work, you can distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.
Keywords: neurotransmission, cerebellum, inhibition, synapse, ion channel, immunocytochemistry
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharma and Bio Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1351138
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