UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Startle disease in Irish wolfhounds associated with a microdeletion in the glycine transporter GlyT2 gene.

Gill, JL; Capper, D; Vanbellinghen, JF; Chung, SK; Higgins, RJ; Rees, MI; Shelton, GD; (2011) Startle disease in Irish wolfhounds associated with a microdeletion in the glycine transporter GlyT2 gene. Neurobiol Dis , 43 (1) 184 - 189. 10.1016/j.nbd.2011.03.010. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
1-s2.0-S0969996111000921-main.pdf

Download (987kB)

Abstract

Defects in glycinergic synaptic transmission in humans, cattle, and rodents result in an exaggerated startle reflex and hypertonia in response to either acoustic or tactile stimuli. Molecular genetic studies have determined that mutations in the genes encoding the postsynaptic glycine receptor (GlyR) α1 and β subunits (GLRA1 and GLRB) and the presynaptic glycine transporter GlyT2 (SLC6A5) are the major cause of these disorders. Here, we report the first genetically confirmed canine cases of startle disease. A litter of seven Irish wolfhounds was identified in which two puppies developed muscle stiffness and tremor in response to handling. Although sequencing of GLRA1 and GLRB did not reveal any pathogenic mutations, analysis of SLC6A5 revealed a homozygous 4.2kb microdeletion encompassing exons 2 and 3 in both affected animals. This results in the loss of part of the large cytoplasmic N-terminus and all subsequent transmembrane domains due to a frameshift. This genetic lesion was confirmed by defining the deletion breakpoint, Southern blotting, and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). This analysis enabled the development of a rapid genotyping test that revealed heterozygosity for the deletion in the dam and sire and three other siblings, confirming recessive inheritance. Wider testing of related animals has identified a total of 13 carriers of the SLC6A5 deletion as well as non-carrier animals. These findings will inform future breeding strategies and enable a rational pharmacotherapy of this new canine disorder.

Type: Article
Title: Startle disease in Irish wolfhounds associated with a microdeletion in the glycine transporter GlyT2 gene.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.nbd.2011.03.010
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2011.03.010
Language: English
Additional information: © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. PMCID: PMC4068303
Keywords: Animals, Base Sequence, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Epilepsy, Reflex, Female, Frameshift Mutation, Gene Deletion, Glycine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins, Male, Molecular Sequence Data, Muscle Tonus, Pedigree, Startle Reaction, Tremor
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1350215
Downloads since deposit
112Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item