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HUMAN CALORIMETER FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT MEASUREMENT OF 24H ENERGY-EXPENDITURE

DAUNCEY, M; MURGATROYD, P; COLE, T; (1978) HUMAN CALORIMETER FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT MEASUREMENT OF 24H ENERGY-EXPENDITURE. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION , 39 (3) 557 - 566. 10.1079/BJN19780071. Green open access

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Abstract

1. A calorimeter for the continuous measurement of heat production and heat loss in the human subject, for at least 24 h, is described. The calorimeter operated on the heat-sink principle for direct calorimetry and an open-circuit system for indirect calorimetry. 2. Sensible heat loss was measured using a water-cooled heat exchanger, and the temperature of water entering the heat exchanger was controlled to maintain a mean temperature gradient of zero across the chamber walls. 3. Evaporative heat loss was determined from ingoing and outgoing wet-and-dry bulb temperatures and air flow-rates. 4. Problems associated with the calculation of evaporative heat loss and the estimation of the volume of incoming air in open-circuit systems are considered. 5. The calibration, limits of accuracy, sources of error and experiments with subjects are discussed.

Type: Article
Title: HUMAN CALORIMETER FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT MEASUREMENT OF 24H ENERGY-EXPENDITURE
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1079/BJN19780071
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19780071
Language: English
Additional information: PubMed ID: 638125 Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1978
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1347720
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