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QUANTITATIVE STUDY INTO ROLE OF INFECTION IN DETERMINING NUTRITIONAL-STATUS IN GAMBIAN VILLAGE CHILDREN

ROWLAND, M; COLE, T; WHITEHEAD, R; (1977) QUANTITATIVE STUDY INTO ROLE OF INFECTION IN DETERMINING NUTRITIONAL-STATUS IN GAMBIAN VILLAGE CHILDREN. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION , 37 (3) 441 - 450. 10.1079/BJN19770047. Green open access

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Abstract

1. Growth in weight and height in 152 children between the ages of 0.6 and 3 years was investigated in Keneba, a rural Gambian village. By 1 year of age the average weight-for-age of the children was only 75% of the Jelliffe (1966) standard. 2. The relationship between the prevalence of nine different categories of diseases and growth was investigated to determine the quantitative contribution of the diseases to the growth faltering observed. There was a highly significant negative relationship between gastroenteritis and both weight gain and height gain. The only other disease category having a similar relationship was malaria, but in this instance only with weight gain. 3. Although over-all growth in weight and height was considerably below the standard values, multiple regression analysis indicated that after the age of 1 year, except in July and August, normal and sometimes slow ‘catch-up’ growth would be possible in the absence of gastroenteritis. 4. Attention is drawn to the limitations of the use of anthropometry in a settled village community as the only criterion by which dietary adequacy can be judged.

Type: Article
Title: QUANTITATIVE STUDY INTO ROLE OF INFECTION IN DETERMINING NUTRITIONAL-STATUS IN GAMBIAN VILLAGE CHILDREN
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1079/BJN19770047
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19770047
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1977
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Pop, Policy and Practice Prog
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1347691
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