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Schizotypy and emotional memory

Hoshi, R; Scoales, M; Mason, O; Kamboj, SK; (2011) Schizotypy and emotional memory. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry , 42 (4) pp. 504-510. 10.1016/j.jbtep.2011.05.003.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Emotional dysfunction is a core feature of psychotic disorders. One expression of such dysfunction is a reduction of the emotion-induced enhancement of memory which is normally found in healthy individuals. Less severe disruption of emotional processing may also be present in individuals prone to 'unusual' psychosis-like experiences. In this study we investigate voluntary declarative (i.e. explicit or episodic) emotional memory performance, primarily in relation to positive schizotypy (as measured by the unusual experiences scale of the O-LIFE). The effect of negative schizotypy (introvertive anhedonia scale of the O-LIFE) was also explored. We hypothesized that schizotypal individuals (scoring highly on Unusual Experiences) would show reduced memory enhancement. METHODS: One hundred and two healthy participants viewed a narrated slide-show containing neutral and negative emotional content. They rated the story on a number of affective dimensions and completed a variety of trait measures, including a multi-dimensional measure of schizotypy. Seven days later, a memory test was performed and frequency of involuntary memories related to the slide-show assessed. RESULTS: The voluntary declarative emotional memory advantage in recall seen in low scorers (25%ile) on unusual experiences was absent in high scorers (75%ile), despite greater subjective fearfulness and emotionality in that group. However, the high scoring group did report experiencing more involuntary memories related to the story. There was no effect of negative schizotypy on declarative emotional memory. CONCLUSIONS: The emotional memory difficulties seen in studies of schizophrenia may extend to those with a vulnerability to positive psychosis-like experiences. This vulnerability may be expressed in both voluntary declarative - as well as involuntary - emotional memory performance.

Type: Article
Title: Schizotypy and emotional memory
Location: Netherlands
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2011.05.003
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2011.05.003
Language: English
Keywords: Adult, Affect, Anhedonia, Emotions, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Mental Recall, Narration, Neuropsychological Tests, Perception, Photic Stimulation, Recognition (Psychology), Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Surveys and Questionnaires
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1346678
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