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Predicate structures, gesture, and simultaneity in the representation of action in British Sign Language: evidence from deaf children and adults.

Cormier, K; Smith, S; Sevcikova, Z; (2013) Predicate structures, gesture, and simultaneity in the representation of action in British Sign Language: evidence from deaf children and adults. J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ , 18 (3) 370 - 390. 10.1093/deafed/ent020. Green open access

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Abstract

British Sign Language (BSL) signers use a variety of structures, such as constructed action (CA), depicting constructions (DCs), or lexical verbs, to represent action and other verbal meanings. This study examines the use of these verbal predicate structures and their gestural counterparts, both separately and simultaneously, in narratives by deaf children with various levels of exposure to BSL (ages 5;1 to 7;5) and deaf adult native BSL signers. Results reveal that all groups used the same types of predicative structures, including children with minimal BSL exposure. However, adults used CA, DCs, and/or lexical signs simultaneously more frequently than children. These results suggest that simultaneous use of CA with lexical and depicting predicates is more complex than the use of these predicate structures alone and thus may take deaf children more time to master.

Type: Article
Title: Predicate structures, gesture, and simultaneity in the representation of action in British Sign Language: evidence from deaf children and adults.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/deafed/ent020
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/deafed/ent020
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. PMCID: PMC3943391
Keywords: Adult, Age Factors, Child, Child, Preschool, Evaluation Studies as Topic, Female, Gestures, Humans, Language, Linguistics, Male, Persons With Hearing Impairments, Semantics, Sign Language
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Linguistics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1345956
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