UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A Nexus for Gene Expression-Molecular Mechanisms of Spt5 and NusG in the Three Domains of Life

Werner, F; (2012) A Nexus for Gene Expression-Molecular Mechanisms of Spt5 and NusG in the Three Domains of Life. Journal of Molecular Biology , 417 (1-2) pp. 13-27. 10.1016/j.jmb.2012.01.031. Green open access

[thumbnail of Werner_1-s2.0-S002228361200085X-main.pdf]
Preview
Text
Werner_1-s2.0-S002228361200085X-main.pdf

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Evolutionary related multisubunit RNA polymerases (RNAPs) transcribe the genomes of all living organisms. Whereas the core subunits of RNAPs are universally conserved in all three domains of life—indicative of a common evolutionary descent—this only applies to one RNAP-associated transcription factor—Spt5, also known as NusG in bacteria. All other factors that aid RNAP during the transcription cycle are specific for the individual domain or only conserved between archaea and eukaryotes. Spt5 and its bacterial homologue NusG regulate gene expression in several ways by (i) modulating transcription processivity and promoter proximal pausing, (ii) coupling transcription and RNA processing or translation, and (iii) recruiting termination factors and thereby silencing laterally transferred DNA and protecting the genome against double-stranded DNA breaks. This review discusses recent discoveries that identify Spt5-like factors as evolutionary conserved nexus for the regulation and coordination of the machineries responsible for information processing in the cell.

Type: Article
Title: A Nexus for Gene Expression-Molecular Mechanisms of Spt5 and NusG in the Three Domains of Life
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2012.01.031
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2012.01.031
Language: English
Additional information: This article is under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0).
Keywords: Transcription, RNA polymerase, Spt4/5, NusG, evolution, RNA-POLYMERASE-II, STIMULATES TRANSCRIPTION ELONGATION, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, INITIATION-FACTOR, STRUCTURAL BASIS, IN-VITRO, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER, BASAL TRANSCRIPTION, COMPLEX STRUCTURE
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1345500
Downloads since deposit
87Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item