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Preserved local but disrupted contextual figure-ground influences in an individual with abnormal function of intermediate visual areas.

Brooks, JL; Gilaie-Dotan, S; Rees, G; Bentin, S; Driver, J; (2012) Preserved local but disrupted contextual figure-ground influences in an individual with abnormal function of intermediate visual areas. Neuropsychologia , 50 (7) 1393 - 1407. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.02.024. Green open access

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Abstract

Visual perception depends not only on local stimulus features but also on their relationship to the surrounding stimulus context, as evident in both local and contextual influences on figure-ground segmentation. Intermediate visual areas may play a role in such contextual influences, as we tested here by examining LG, a rare case of developmental visual agnosia. LG has no evident abnormality of brain structure and functional neuroimaging showed relatively normal V1 function, but his intermediate visual areas (V2/V3) function abnormally. We found that contextual influences on figure-ground organization were selectively disrupted in LG, while local sources of figure-ground influences were preserved. Effects of object knowledge and familiarity on figure-ground organization were also significantly diminished. Our results suggest that the mechanisms mediating contextual and familiarity influences on figure-ground organization are dissociable from those mediating local influences on figure-ground assignment. The disruption of contextual processing in intermediate visual areas may play a role in the substantial object recognition difficulties experienced by LG.

Type: Article
Title: Preserved local but disrupted contextual figure-ground influences in an individual with abnormal function of intermediate visual areas.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.02.024
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012....
Language: English
Additional information: This work is made available under a Creative Commons license. PMCID: PMC3405515
Keywords: Agnosia, Association, Brain Mapping, Frontal Lobe, Functional Laterality, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Oxygen, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Photic Stimulation, Psychophysics, Semantics, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1339025
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