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Specific Cognitive Deficits in ADHD: A Diagnostic Concern in Differential Diagnosis

Gupta, R; Kar, BK; (2010) Specific Cognitive Deficits in ADHD: A Diagnostic Concern in Differential Diagnosis. Journal of Child and Family Studies , 19 (6) 778 - 786. 10.1007/s10826-010-9369-4. Green open access

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Abstract

We present a critical account of existing tools used to diagnose children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and to make a case for the assessment of cognitive impairments as a part of diagnostic system. Surveys have shown that clinicians rely almost entirely upon subjective reports or their own clinical judgment when arriving at diagnostic decisions relating to this prevalent disorder. While information from parents and teachers should always be carefully considered, they are often influenced by a host of emotional and perceptual factors. It increases the possibility for misdiagnosis of a condition like ADHD. Recent experimental literature on ADHD has identified unique underlying cognitive dysfunction, specific to ADHD. Therefore, we propose that there is a need to incorporate information on cognitive mechanisms underlying ADHD and inculcate such information in the diagnostic system, which will provide a more sensitive as well as specific tool in differential diagnosis of ADHD.

Type: Article
Title: Specific Cognitive Deficits in ADHD: A Diagnostic Concern in Differential Diagnosis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10826-010-9369-4
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-010-9369-4
Language: English
Additional information: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1328526
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