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TOPOGRAPHIC ROSSBY WAVES ABOVE A RANDOM ARRAY OF SEA-MOUNTAINS

JANSONS, KM; JOHNSON, ER; (1988) TOPOGRAPHIC ROSSBY WAVES ABOVE A RANDOM ARRAY OF SEA-MOUNTAINS. J FLUID MECH , 191 (JUN) 373 - 388. 10.1017/S0022112088001612. Green open access

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Abstract

The barotropic potential vorticity equation or topographic wave equation is not linear in topography: the solution structure for topography formed from a sum of obstacles is not the sum of solutions for the obstacles in isolation, even when these individual solutions have identical frequencies. This paper considers the mechanism by which normal modes of oscillation above one mountain are modified by interactions with its neighbours. Exact explicit solutions for the normal modes above a pair of circular seamountains show that the interactions between the mountains rapidly approaches the large-separation approximation obtained by considering solely the first reflection of the disturbance of one mountain at the other. For mountains of one diameter separation at the closest point, the approximation is accurate to within 1%. Perhaps surprisingly, coupling between two identical mountains is weak and resonance occurs between mountains and dales of equal and opposite height. The accurate approximate solutions enable consideration of the effects on a mountain of an infinite set of randomly distributed neighbours. The ensembleaveraged frequency for a mountain of given height is determined in terms of the area fraction of the other mountains. The idea of an effective topography is introduced for the ensemble-averaged stream function: it is that (non-random) topography generating a stream function identical to the ensemble-averaged stream function. This differs markedly from the ensemble-averaged topography. The explicit form of the effective topography is derived for a set of right circular cylinders.

Type: Article
Title: TOPOGRAPHIC ROSSBY WAVES ABOVE A RANDOM ARRAY OF SEA-MOUNTAINS
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0022112088001612
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112088001612
Language: English
Additional information: © 1988 Cambridge University Press
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1325385
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