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Kids in the city study: research design and methodology

Oliver, M; Witten, K; Kearns, RA; Mavoa, S; Badland, HM; Carroll, P; Drumheller, C; ... Ergler, C; + view all (2011) Kids in the city study: research design and methodology. BMC Public Health , 11 , Article 587. 10.1186/1471-2458-11-587. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Physical activity is essential for optimal physical and psychological health but substantial declines in children's activity levels have occurred in New Zealand and internationally. Children's independent mobility (i.e., outdoor play and traveling to destinations unsupervised), an integral component of physical activity in childhood, has also declined radically in recent decades. Safety-conscious parenting practices, car reliance and auto-centric urban design have converged to produce children living increasingly sedentary lives. This research investigates how urban neighborhood environments can support or enable or restrict children's independent mobility, thereby influencing physical activity accumulation and participation in daily life.Methods/Design: The study is located in six Auckland, New Zealand neighborhoods, diverse in terms of urban design attributes, particularly residential density. Participants comprise 160 children aged 9-11 years and their parents/caregivers. Objective measures (global positioning systems, accelerometers, geographical information systems, observational audits) assessed children's independent mobility and physical activity, neighborhood infrastructure, and streetscape attributes. Parent and child neighborhood perceptions and experiences were assessed using qualitative research methods.Discussion: This study is one of the first internationally to examine the association of specific urban design attributes with child independent mobility. Using robust, appropriate, and best practice objective measures, this study provides robust epidemiological information regarding the relationships between the built environment and health outcomes for this population.

Type: Article
Title: Kids in the city study: research design and methodology
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-587
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-587
Language: English
Additional information: © 2011 Oliver et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS, INDEPENDENT MOBILITY, HEALTH DISPARITIES, CHILDREN, WALKING, SCHOOL, NEIGHBORHOODS, WALKABILITY, INEQUALITY
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1320015
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