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Get them before they get you: Trust, trustworthiness, and social cognition in boys with and without externalizing behavior problems

Sharp, C; Ha, C; Fonagy, P; (2011) Get them before they get you: Trust, trustworthiness, and social cognition in boys with and without externalizing behavior problems. DEV PSYCHOPATHOL , 23 (2) 647 - 658. 10.1017/S0954579410000003. Green open access

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Abstract

Economic exchange games have rarely been applied to examine psychopathology in youth. In the current study we adapted a trust game to investigate the relations between externalizing behavior problems, trust, and trustworthiness. We were particularly interested in the differential modulating impact of "known identity" (vs. anonymous) condition of the task. Second, we examined whether anomalies in trust behavior would correspond to social cognition manifested in children with externalizing problems. A total of 171 (79 age-matched pairs) boys (mean age = 12.84; SD = 1.80) were recruited from community groups where social networks and relationships amongst peers have been established. A trust game was played under two conditions: an anonymous version where the identity of the trust game partner was not known and a "known identity" version where identities were revealed. Results supported the conclusion that boys with externalizing behavior problems are generally less trustworthy, but not less trusting and that this was true especially for the known identity version of the game. Moreover, anomalies in trust behavior were associated with hostile intentions, but not reflective of a general theory of mind deficit. This study contributes to an emerging literature using economic exchange games to investigate real-time, real-life exchanges in relation to psychopathology.

Type: Article
Title: Get them before they get you: Trust, trustworthiness, and social cognition in boys with and without externalizing behavior problems
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0954579410000003
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579410000003
Language: English
Additional information: © 2011 Cambridge University Press
Keywords: AGGRESSIVE-BEHAVIOR, INTERPERSONAL-TRUST, CONDUCT PROBLEMS, RECIPROCITY, CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, RESPONSES, SCHOOL, GAME, SELF
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1309796
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