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The reincorporation and redistribution of trace geoforensic particulates on clothing: An introductory study

Morgan, RM; French, JC; O'Donnell, L; Bull, PA; (2010) The reincorporation and redistribution of trace geoforensic particulates on clothing: An introductory study. Science & Justice , 50 (4) pp. 195-199. 10.1016/j.scijus.2010.04.002. Green open access

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Abstract

Two experimental studies were undertaken to investigate the processes of reincorporation and redistribution of trace evidence on garments when worn by a suspect or a victim ( reincorporation) or after the garments have been seized and packaged for subsequent forensic analysis (redistribution). The first experiment utilised UV powder, an established proxy for geoforensic trace particulates and the second experiment utilised daffodil pollen transferred onto garments under conditions that mimicked forensic reality. It was demonstrated that reincorporation of trace particulates occurs from upper to lower parts of the same garment and also from upper garments to lower garments. Reincorporation also occurred to all areas of the lower garments, however the highest concentration of particulates was found to be the lap area of the jeans. Particulates also tended to be preserved around technical details such as stitching or relief design features of the garments. Thus the decay of particulates after a contact has been made does not necessarily involve a loss of those particulates from the entire system. These findings have implications for the interpretation of trace evidence when seeking to establish the source of initial contacts or the chronology of pertinent events. The second study demonstrated that folding and packaging items of clothing leads to a redistribution of any trace particulate evidence that is present thereby eliciting an alteration in the spatial distribution of that evidence. There is therefore a necessity to take the context of trace evidence into account and also to follow protocols that are sensitive to these aspects of trace evidence behaviour as a failure to do so may have consequences for the correct interpretation of such evidence. (c) 2010 Forensic Science Society. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: The reincorporation and redistribution of trace geoforensic particulates on clothing: An introductory study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2010.04.002
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2010.04.002
Language: English
Keywords: Trace evidence, UV powder, Pollen, Clothing, Spatial and temporal distributions, Forensic protocol, SIMULATED CONTACTS, PERSISTENCE, FIBERS, GLASS, WEAR
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1308963
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