UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

TGF-ß isoform specific regulation of airway inflammation and remodelling in a murine model of asthma

Bottoms, SE; Howell, JE; Reinhardt, AK; Evans, IC; McAnulty, RJ; (2010) TGF-ß isoform specific regulation of airway inflammation and remodelling in a murine model of asthma. PLoS ONE , 5 (3) , Article e9674. 10.1371/journal.pone.0009674. Green open access

[thumbnail of journal.pone.0009674.pdf]
Preview
PDF
journal.pone.0009674.pdf

Download (8MB)

Abstract

The TGF-β family of mediators are thought to play important roles in the regulation of inflammation and airway remodelling in asthma. All three mammalian isoforms of TGF-β, TGF-β1–3, are expressed in the airways and TGF-β1 and -β2 are increased in asthma. However, there is little information on the specific roles of individual TGF-β isoforms. In this study we assess the roles of TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 in the regulation of allergen-induced airway inflammation and remodelling associated with asthma, using a validated murine model of ovalbumin sensitization and challenge, and isoform specific TGF-β neutralising antibodies. Antibodies to both isoforms inhibited TGF-β mediated Smad signalling. Anti-TGF-β1 and anti-TGF-β2 inhibited ovalbumin-induced sub-epithelial collagen deposition but anti-TGF-β1 also specifically regulated airway and fibroblast decorin deposition by TGF-β1. Neither antibody affected the allergen-induced increase in sub-epithelial fibroblast-like cells. Anti- TGF-β1 also specifically inhibited ovalbumin-induced increases in monocyte/macrophage recruitment. Whereas, both TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 were involved in regulating allergen-induced increases in eosinophil and lymphocyte numbers. These data show that TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 exhibit a combination of specific and shared roles in the regulation of allergen-induced airway inflammation and remodelling. They also provide evidence in support of the potential for therapeutic regulation of specific subsets of cells and extracellular matrix proteins associated with inflammation and remodelling in airway diseases such as asthma and COPD, as well as other fibroproliferative diseases.

Type: Article
Title: TGF-ß isoform specific regulation of airway inflammation and remodelling in a murine model of asthma
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009674
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0009674
Language: English
Additional information: © 2010 Bottoms et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Nephrology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1306115
Downloads since deposit
39Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item