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From private organizations to democratic infrastructure: Political parties and the state in Estonia

Sikk, A; (2006) From private organizations to democratic infrastructure: Political parties and the state in Estonia. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics , 22 (3) pp. 341-361. 10.1080/13523270600855720. Green open access

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Abstract

Estonia, one of the first former Soviet republics to regain independence, had to start the processes of party and state development from scratch, beginning with the development of a legal framework for political parties, establishing a regime of public party financing, and training and deploying elites in party and state administrations. In the case of the last element, a variety of career patterns has emerged as individuals have moved between political and administrative roles. The question of the neutrality of county governors and administrative department secretaries-general has been particularly contentious in what has become a close and strengthening relationship between parties and the state. This is visible in the legal status of parties, their growing reliance on public subsidies, and the substantial circulation of people between administrative and political echelons. This can partly be explained by patronage and the particular legacies of communism and state-building, but the small size of the country may have had an independent effect.

Type: Article
Title: From private organizations to democratic infrastructure: Political parties and the state in Estonia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13523270600855720
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > SSEES
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/13034
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