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PRECIS OF - FROM NEUROPSYCHOLOGY TO MENTAL STRUCTURE

SHALLICE, T; (1991) PRECIS OF - FROM NEUROPSYCHOLOGY TO MENTAL STRUCTURE. BEHAV BRAIN SCI , 14 (3) 429 - 438. 10.1017/S0140525X0007059X. Green open access

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Abstract

Neuropsychological results are increasingly cited in cognitive theories although their methodology has been severely criticised. The book argues for an eclectic approach but particularly stresses the use of single-case studies. A range of potential artifacts exists when inferences are made from each studies to the organisation of formal function - for example, resource differences among tasks, premorbid individual differences, and reorganisation of function. The use of "strong" and "classical" dissociations minimises potential artefacts. The theoretical convergence between findings from fields where cognitive neuropsychology is well developed and those from the normal literature strongly suggests that the potential artefacts are not critical. The fields examined in detail in this respect are short-term memory, reading, writing, the organisation of input and output speech systems, and visual perception. Functional dissociation data suggest that not only are input systems organised modularly, but so are central systems. This conclusion is supported by findings on impairment of knowledge, visual attention, supervisory functions, memory, and consciousness.

Type: Article
Title: PRECIS OF - FROM NEUROPSYCHOLOGY TO MENTAL STRUCTURE
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X0007059X
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X0007059X
Language: English
Additional information: © 1991 Cambridge University Press
Keywords: AMNESIA, APHASIA, ATTENTION, CASE STUDY, COGNITION, CONSCIOUSNESS, DYSLEXIA, MEMORY, MODULARITY, NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, PLANNING, READING, SHORT-TERM-MEMORY, PATIENT CLASSIFICATION, UTILIZATION BEHAVIOR, OBJECT RECOGNITION, AMNESIC PATIENTS, SEMANTIC MEMORY, SINGLE-PATIENT, FRONTAL LOBES, DEEP DYSLEXIA, APHASIA
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/123356
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