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A novel point mutation in P450c17 (CYP17) causing combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency

Brooke, AM; Taylor, NF; Shepherd, JH; Gore, ME; Ahmad, T; Lin, L; Rumsby, G; ... Monson, JP; + view all (2006) A novel point mutation in P450c17 (CYP17) causing combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism , 91 (6) 2428 - 2431. 10.1210/jc.2005-2653. Green open access

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Abstract

Context: Combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency is a rare cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia and hypogonadism. Novel single amino acid changes in P450c17 provide potentially important insights into key structural domains for enzyme function.Objective, Design, and Setting: We report a novel missense mutation in P450c17 in a 17-yr-old female presenting with a malignant mixed germ cell tumor with yolk sac elements who demonstrated clinical and biochemical features of combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency.Methods: Quantitative urinary steroid analysis was performed by high resolution gas chromatography. All eight coding exons of CYP17 were PCR amplified and sequenced. The position of arginine at codon 96 was modeled using the CYP17 structure 2c17 (www.rcsb.org). The CYP17 genes were subcloned into pcDNA3, expressed in HEK-293 cells, and chromatographed.Patient and Results: 17 beta-Hydroxylase deficiency was confirmed by marked reductions in urinary and serum cortisol, androgens, and estradiol. Mutational analysis revealed a novel homozygous R96Q missense mutation in P450c17, affecting an amino acid in a key substrate-binding region of the enzyme, leading to complete inactivity.Conclusion: The description of a second missense mutation at codon 96 (R96W and R96Q) in the substrate-binding region of P450c17 provides strong evidence for the key role of this amino acid in 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase function. An association between a malignant germ cell tumor and 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency has not been reported previously, although the presence of gonadoblastoma in the ovary of a patient with this condition has recently been described.

Type: Article
Title: A novel point mutation in P450c17 (CYP17) causing combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1210/jc.2005-2653
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-2653
Language: English
Additional information: © 2006 by The Endocrine Society This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: ISOLATED 17,20-LYASE DEFICIENCY, 17-HYDROXYLASE DEFICIENCY, MOLECULAR-BASIS, GENE, LYASE, PHENOTYPE, CLONING, CYSTS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/118092
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