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Calculated rates for the electron impact dissociation of molecular hydrogen, deuterium and tritium

Trevisan, C.S.; Tennyson, J.; (2002) Calculated rates for the electron impact dissociation of molecular hydrogen, deuterium and tritium. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion , 44 (7) pp. 1263-1276. 10.1088/0741-3335/44/7/315. Green open access

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Abstract

At temperatures below 15 000 K, the major pathway for the electron impact dissociation of H2 is through excitation to the b 3Σu+ excited electronic state. Total cross sections and energy differential cross sections for threshold energies as a function of vibrational states (v) for H2 v = 0–4, D2 v = 0–6 and T2 v = 0–7 are calculated. The rates of dissociation as a function of electron temperature for each state are parametrized. Near-threshold rates are shown to be so critically dependent on the vibrational level that dissociation from very high-lying vibrational levels must be included in calculations of the rate at local thermal equilibrium (LTE) even at low temperature. An adapted version of the extrapolation procedure of Stibbe and Tennyson (1999 Astrophys. J. 513 L147) is used to approximate the rates for all of the higher vibrational levels, which are then used to calculate the LTE rate. The LTE rate is an order of magnitude greater than the v = 0 rate. Calculations of energy differential cross sections suggest that impact dissociation of vibrationally excited molecules could be the source of low energy H atoms observed in tokamak plasmas.

Type: Article
Title: Calculated rates for the electron impact dissociation of molecular hydrogen, deuterium and tritium
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/44/7/315
Publisher version: http://stacks.iop.org/0741-3335/44/1263
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1174
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