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THE EFFECT OF CMV INFECTION ON PROGRESSION OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS DISEASE IN A COHORT OF HEMOPHILIC MEN FOLLOWED FOR UP TO 13 YEARS FROM SEROCONVERSION

SABIN, CA; PHILLIPS, AN; LEE, CA; JANOSSY, G; EMERY, V; GRIFFITHS, PD; (1995) THE EFFECT OF CMV INFECTION ON PROGRESSION OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS DISEASE IN A COHORT OF HEMOPHILIC MEN FOLLOWED FOR UP TO 13 YEARS FROM SEROCONVERSION. EPIDEMIOL INFECT , 114 (2) 361 - 372. 10.1017/S095026880005799X. Green open access

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Abstract

The effect of prior infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) on progression of HIV disease in a cohort of 111 men with haemophilia was studied after 13 years followup. The relative hazards associated with CMV positivity on progression to AIDS, death and a CD4 count of 0.05 x 10(9)/l were 2.28, 2.42 and 2.34, respectively. CMV seropositive patients were significantly older than the seronegative and this was controlled for by using a Cox proportional hazards model. The relative hazards for the three endpoints decreased to 1.89, 1.82 and 1.93 respectively and were marginally non-significant (P = 0.05, 0.08 and 0.08 for the three endpoints respectively). We conclude that this cohort continues to show evidence of a 'co-factor' effect associated with prior infection with CMV which is confounded by age but not completely explained by age differences. The potential biological significance of these results is discussed in the context of recent controlled clinical trials which show a survival benefit from long-term high-dose acyclovir, a drug with activity in vivo against CMV and other herpesviruses.

Type: Article
Title: THE EFFECT OF CMV INFECTION ON PROGRESSION OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS DISEASE IN A COHORT OF HEMOPHILIC MEN FOLLOWED FOR UP TO 13 YEARS FROM SEROCONVERSION
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S095026880005799X
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026880005799X
Language: English
Additional information: © 1995 Cambridge University Press
Keywords: LONG TERMINAL REPEAT, HERPES-SIMPLEX VIRUS, CYTOMEGALO-VIRUS, TRANS-ACTIVATION, AIDS INCUBATION, HIV, HEMOPHILIACS, ACYCLOVIR, ANTIBODIES, RECIPIENTS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/110423
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