UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Associations between sport and screen-entertainment with mental health problems in 5-year-old children

Griffiths, LJ; Dowda, M; Dezateux, C; Pate, R; (2010) Associations between sport and screen-entertainment with mental health problems in 5-year-old children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 7 , Article 30. 10.1186/1479-5868-7-30. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
1479-5868-7-30.pdf

Download (761kB)

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined the benefits of regular physical activity, and risks of sedentary behaviour, in young children. This study investigated associations between participation in sports and screen-entertainment (as components of physical activity and sedentary behaviour), and emotional and behavioural problems in this population.Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of data from 13470 children (50.9% boys) participating in the nationally representative UK Millennium Cohort Study. Time spent participating in sports clubs outside of school, and using screen-entertainment, was reported by the child's mother at child age 5 years, when mental health was also measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.Results: 45% of children did not participate in sport clubs and 61% used screen-entertainment for >= 2 hours per day. Children who participated in sport had fewer total difficulties; emotional, conduct, hyperactivity-inattention and peer relationship problems; and more prosocial behaviours. These relationships were similar in boys and girls. Boys and girls who used screen-entertainment for any duration, and participated in sport, had fewer emotional and behavioural problems, and more prosocial behaviours, than children who used screen-entertainment for >= 2 hours per day and did not participate in sport.Conclusions: Longer durations of screen-entertainment usage are not associated with mental health problems in young children. However, our findings suggest an association between sport and better mental health. Further research based on longitudinal data is required to examine causal pathways in these associations and to determine the potential role of this and other forms of physical activity in preventing mental health disorders.

Type: Article
Title: Associations between sport and screen-entertainment with mental health problems in 5-year-old children
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-30
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-7-30
Language: English
Additional information: © 2010 Griffiths et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Physical-activity, difficulties questionnaire, television exposure, behavioral-problems, millennium cohort, adolescents, strengths, symptoms, sample, youth
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/109309
Downloads since deposit
92Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item