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Effect of Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 on the association between health behaviors and cognitive function in late midlife

Sabia, S; Kivimaki, M; Kumari, M; Shipley, MJ; Singh-Manoux, A; (2010) Effect of Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 on the association between health behaviors and cognitive function in late midlife. Molecular Neurodegeneration , 5 , Article 23. 10.1186/1750-1326-5-23. Green open access

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Abstract

The extent to which the effect of risk factors on cognitive ageing is dependent on APOE epsilon 4 remains unclear. The objective of this study is to examine whether APOE epsilon 4 allele modifies the association between health behaviors and cognition in late midlife. Data are drawn from 5447 participants of the Whitehall II study, health behaviors were assessed in 1997-1999 (mean age = 55.6, Standard Deviation (SD) = 6.0) and APOE genotype and cognitive function in 2002-2004 (mean age = 60.9, SD = 5.9). Among APOE epsilon 4 non-carriers, current smokers had lower scores on memory (difference in T-score = -2.49, 95% CI: -3.37, -1.60), reasoning (-2.88, 95% CI: -3.74, -2.01), phonemic (-2.66, 95% CI: -3.56, -1.76) and semantic (-2.38, 95% CI: -3.28, -1.47) fluency compared to never smokers. In APOE epsilon 4 carriers, difference between current and never smokers was seen only for reasoning (-1.92, 95% CI: -3.31, -0.51). Interaction terms supported differential effects of smoking as a function of APOE epsilon 4 status for memory (p = 0.01), and phonemic (p = 0.008) and semantic fluency (p = 0.02). Cognitive scores were lower among non-drinkers compared to moderate drinkers, among the sedentary participants and those who ate fruits and vegetable less than 2 times per day irrespective of APOE epsilon 4 status. This study suggests that the APOE epsilon 4 allele modifies the association of smoking but not that of other health behaviors - alcohol consumption, physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption - with cognitive function in late midlife.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 on the association between health behaviors and cognitive function in late midlife
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/1750-1326-5-23
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1750-1326-5-23
Language: English
Additional information: © 2010 Sabia et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Alzheimers-disease, Incident dementia, Physical-activity, Whitehall-ii, Risk-factors, Smoking, Population, Rotterdam, Genotype, Allele
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/103848
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