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Exploring the linkage of higher education and attitudes towards European integration: The British case

McNeil, Andrew; Simon, Elizabeth; (2024) Exploring the linkage of higher education and attitudes towards European integration: The British case. European Journal of Political Research 10.1111/1475-6765.12675. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

While cross‐sectional research has consistently shown graduates are less Eurosceptic than non‐graduates, little is known about the causal role of university study in determining these attitudes, as few longitudinal studies have explored this. This study does so, providing robust causal estimates of higher education's effect on Euroscepticism through applying individual‐ and sibling fixed‐effect modelling techniques to British Household Panel and Understanding Society data from 1999–2022. Both specifications provide consistent results; suggesting university study does little to decrease Euroscepticism in the short‐run but has substantial long‐run effects. This alludes to an ‘allocation’ effect, whereby it is largely not the experience of obtaining a degree itself, but the opportunities afforded by virtue of doing so that shape attitudes towards Europe. Our novel findings not only demonstrate that within‐sibling estimates of higher education's effect can be generalised to the wider British population but also advance our understanding of the mechanisms linking education with Euroscepticism.

Type: Article
Title: Exploring the linkage of higher education and attitudes towards European integration: The British case
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/1475-6765.12675
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12675
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2024 The Authors. European Journal of Political Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Consortium for Political Research. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: education, Euroscepticism, fixed effects, selection, sorting
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10191178
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