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Screening for latent tuberculosis in migrants—status quo and future challenges

Petersen, E; Al-Abri, S; Al-Jardani, A; Memish, ZA; Aklillu, E; Ntoumi, F; Mwaba, P; ... Al-Yaquobi, F; + view all (2024) Screening for latent tuberculosis in migrants—status quo and future challenges. International Journal of Infectious Diseases , Article 107002. 10.1016/j.ijid.2024.107002. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives: To review the evidence that migrants from tuberculosis (TB) high-incidence countries migrating to TB low-incidence countries significantly contribute to active TB cases in the counties of destination, primarily through reactivation of latent TB. / Methods: This is a narrative review. The different screening programs in the countries of destination are reviewed either based on screening and preventive treatment of latent TB pre or more commonly – post arrival. / Results: Screening can be performed using interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) or tuberculin skin tests (TST). Preventive treatment of latent TB is using either monotherapy with isoniazid, or in combination with rifampicin or rifapentine. We discuss the ethical issues of preventive treatment in asymptomatic individuals and how these are addressed in different screening programs. / Conclusion: Screening migrants from TB high endemic countries to TB low endemic countries is beneficial. There is a lack of standardization and agreement on screening protocols, follow up and treatment.

Type: Article
Title: Screening for latent tuberculosis in migrants—status quo and future challenges
Location: Canada
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2024.107002
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2024.107002
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2024 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Latent TB, Migrants, Prevention, Screening, Treatment, Tuberculosis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10190346
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