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Spatial Labour Market Inequality and Social Protection in the UK

Lee, Neil; Fransham, Mark; Bukowski, Pawel; (2024) Spatial Labour Market Inequality and Social Protection in the UK. LSE Public Policy Review , 3 (2) , Article 6. 10.31389/lseppr.99. Green open access

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Abstract

Spatial inequality in economic outcomes is increasingly seen as a problem for national economies. This paper considers spatial inequality in the UK labour market, its causes, and potential policy solutions. Relative to other European countries, the UK is highly spatially uneven, but it is not as unequal as the United States. The most common explanations for growing spatial inequality are economic, in particular the linked processes of manufacturing decline, the rise in knowledge-based services, and London’s growth as an international service hub. However, these explanations ignore the importance of spatial labour market institutions on different local economies. In this paper we argue that labour market institutions are one of the key missing explanations for the changing patterns of spatial inequality in the UK, and that the impact of labour market policy is likely to dwarf the limited funding provided for local economic development policy. We conclude with some suggestions for how policy might better address spatial labour market inequality in the UK and start to create good jobs across the country.

Type: Article
Title: Spatial Labour Market Inequality and Social Protection in the UK
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.31389/lseppr.99
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.31389/lseppr.99
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Inequality; regions; public policy; labour markets
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10189759
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