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Overlap of International League of Associations for Rheumatology and Preliminary Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization Classification Criteria for Nonsystemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in an Established UK Multicentre Inception Cohort

Shoop-Worrall, S; Macintyre, V; Ciurtin, Coziana; Cleary, G; Mcfarlane, F; Wedderburn, L; Hyrich, Kimme; (2024) Overlap of International League of Associations for Rheumatology and Preliminary Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization Classification Criteria for Nonsystemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in an Established UK Multicentre Inception Cohort. Arthritis Care & Research 10.1002/acr.25296. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Objective. The goal was to assess the degree of overlap between existing International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) and preliminary Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO) classification criteria for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods. Participants from the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study, a multicenter UK JIA inception cohort, were classified using the PRINTO and ILAR classification criteria into distinct categories. Systemic JIA was excluded because several classification items were not collected in this cohort. Adaptations to PRINTO criteria were required to apply to a UK health care setting, including limiting the number of blood biomarker tests required. The overlap between categories under the two systems was determined, and any differences in characteristics between groups were described. Results. A total of 1,223 children and young people with a physician’s diagnosis of JIA were included. Using PRINTO criteria, the majority of the patients had “other JIA” (69.5%). There was a high degree of overlap (91%) between the PRINTO enthesitis/spondylitis- and ILAR enthesitis-related JIA categories. The PRINTO rheumatoid factor (RF)–positive category was composed of 48% ILAR RF-positive polyarthritis and 52% undifferentiated JIA. The early-onset antinuclear antibodies–positive PRINTO category was largely composed of ILAR oligoarthritis (50%), RF-negative polyarthritis (24%), and undifferentiated JIA (23%). A few patients were unclassified under PRINTO (n = 3) and would previously have been classified as enthesitis-related JIA (n = 1) and undifferentiated JIA (n = 2) under ILAR. Conclusion. Under the preliminary PRINTO classification criteria for childhood arthritis, most children are not yet classified into a named category. These data can help support further delineation of the PRINTO criteria to ensure homogenous groups of children can be identified.

Type: Article
Title: Overlap of International League of Associations for Rheumatology and Preliminary Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization Classification Criteria for Nonsystemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in an Established UK Multicentre Inception Cohort
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/acr.25296
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.25296
Language: English
Additional information: © 2024 The Authors. Arthritis Care & Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American College of Rheumatology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10189250
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