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The Motor Dysfunction Seen in Isolated REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

Simonet, Cristina; Pérez-Carbonell, Laura; Galmés-Ordinas, Miquel A; Huxford, Brook FR; Chohan, Harneek; Gill, Aneet; Leschziner, Guy; ... Noyce, Alastair J; + view all (2024) The Motor Dysfunction Seen in Isolated REM Sleep Behavior Disorder. Movement Disorders 10.1002/mds.29779. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Isolated Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep Behavior Disorder (iRBD) requires quantitative tools to detect incipient Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A motor battery was designed and compared with the Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III (MDS-UPDRS-III) in people with iRBD and controls. This included two keyboard-based tests (BRadykinesia Akinesia INcoordination tap test and Distal Finger Tapping) and two dual tasking tests (walking and finger tapping). RESULTS: We included 33 iRBD patients and 29 controls. The iRBD group performed both keyboard-based tapping tests more slowly (P < 0.001, P = 0.020) and less rhythmically (P < 0.001, P = 0.006) than controls. Unlike controls, the iRBD group increased their walking duration (P < 0.001) and had a smaller amplitude (P = 0.001) and slower (P = 0.007) finger tapping with dual task. The combination of the most salient motor markers showed 90.3% sensitivity for 89.3% specificity (area under the ROC curve [AUC], 0.94), which was higher than the MDS-UPDRS-III (minus action tremor) (69.7% sensitivity, 72.4% specificity; AUC, 0.81) for detecting motor dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Speed, rhythm, and dual task motor deterioration might be accurate indicators of incipient PD in iRBD. © 2024 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Type: Article
Title: The Motor Dysfunction Seen in Isolated REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/mds.29779
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.29779
Language: English
Additional information: © 2024 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Parkinson's disease, REM sleep behavior disorder, bradykinesia quantitative tools
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10189047
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