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Hydrophilic and hydrophobic drug release from core (polyvinylpyrrolidone)-sheath (ethyl cellulose) pressure-spun fibers

Qosim, Nanang; Majd, Hamta; Huo, Suguo; Edirisinghe, Mohan; Williams, Gareth R; (2024) Hydrophilic and hydrophobic drug release from core (polyvinylpyrrolidone)-sheath (ethyl cellulose) pressure-spun fibers. International Journal of Pharmaceutics , 654 , Article 123972. 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2024.123972. Green open access

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Abstract

A core-sheath structure is one of the methods developed to overcome the challenges often faced when using monolithic fibers for drug delivery. In this study, fibers based on polyvinylpyrrolidone (core) and ethyl cellulose (sheath) were successfully produced using a novel core-sheath pressure-spinning. For comparison, these two polymers were also formed as blend fiber forms. All samples were then investigated for their performances in releasing water-soluble ampicillin (AMP) and poorly water-soluble ibuprofen (IBU) model drugs. Scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam, and both digital and confocal microscopy confirmed that the fibers with a core-sheath structure were successfully made on a large scale. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed the success of the pressure-spinning technique in encapsulating AMP/IBU in all fiber samples. The ability to include either hydrophilic or hydrophobic drugs in controlled drug delivery systems in this way is also a very important development in applied material research. Compared to blend fibers, core-sheath fibers had better performance in encapsulating both water-soluble and poorly water-soluble drugs. Moreover, the core-sheath structure was able to reduce the initial burst release and provided a better sustained release profile than the blend fiber analog. In conclusion, the pressure-spinning method was capable of producing core-sheath and blend fibers that could be used for the loading of either hydrophilic or hydrophobic drugs for controlled drug delivery systems.

Type: Article
Title: Hydrophilic and hydrophobic drug release from core (polyvinylpyrrolidone)-sheath (ethyl cellulose) pressure-spun fibers
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2024.123972
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2024.123972
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2024 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Core-sheath; pressure-spinning; drug release; sustained release; polymeric fibers
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10188993
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