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Shwachman-Diamond syndrome associated with rod-cone dystrophy

Zhang, Jingwen; de Guimaraes, Thales AC; Thompson, Dorothy; Michaelides, Michel; (2024) Shwachman-Diamond syndrome associated with rod-cone dystrophy. Retinal Cases & Brief Reports 10.1097/ICB.0000000000001568. (In press).

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To report a patient with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and concomitant rod-cone dystrophy who underwent bone marrow transplantation. METHODS: Retrospective single case report. RESULTS: A female patient with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome was referred to a tertiary hospital to investigate possible pigmentary retinopathy at the age of 16. She described poor night vision and was found to have reduced visual acuity (6/20 right, 6/38 left). Over the ten-year follow-up period, her visual acuity remained relatively stable with no new visual symptoms. Optical coherence tomography revealed progressive, diffuse outer retinal thinning with disruption of the ellipsoid zone, which initially was relatively preserved subfoveally. Fundus autofluorescence images revealed generalised areas of hypoautofluorescence beyond the vascular arcades and a perimacular ring of increased autofluorescence. The flash electroretinogram was in keeping with a severe rod-cone dystrophy. The pattern visual evoked potential was abnormal but detectable indicating macular pathway dysfunction, suggesting encroachment into central macular regions but with some functional preservation. CONCLUSIONS: We report a patient with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome with severe early-onset rod-cone dystrophy noted at the age of 16. Slow anatomical progression has been observed over the subsequent ten years, with relative functional macular preservation to support a visual acuity of 6/36 in both eyes.

Type: Article
Title: Shwachman-Diamond syndrome associated with rod-cone dystrophy
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000001568
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000001568
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10188843
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