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Law and the political economy of AI production

Terzis, Petros; (2024) Law and the political economy of AI production. International Journal of Law and Information Technology , Article eaae001. 10.1093/ijlit/eaae001. (In press). Green open access

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The governance of artificial intelligence (AI) is at a historical juncture. Legislative acts, global treaties, export controls, and technical standards are now dominating the discourse over what used to be a predominantly market-driven space. Amidst all this frenzy, this paper explains why none of these projects will achieve ‘alignment’ of AI with the prospect of a sustainable model of production authentically committed to the rights and freedoms of people and communities. By reflecting on the role of law in consolidating the visions and logics of few multinationals in the global value chains of AI, it warns against the peril of regulating AI without looking at the methods and logistics of its material production. Following a detailed overview of the various (techno-)legal ways through which law enables the flow of materials, capital, and power from Global South to Global North, and from small players to lead firms, the paper concludes with some preliminary thoughts on a transformative agenda for the transnational regulation of infocomputational production.

Type: Article
Title: Law and the political economy of AI production
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/ijlit/eaae001
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ijlit/eaae001
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) (2024). Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com.
Keywords: Law and technology; artifcial intelligence; digital infrastructures; political economy; global value chains; technology regulation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10188163
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