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Detection of NADH and NADPH levels in vivo identifies shift of glucose metabolism in cancer to energy production

Potapova, Elena V; Zherebtsov, Evgenii A; Shupletsov, Valery V; Dremin, Viktor V; Kandurova, Ksenia Y; Mamoshin, Andrian V; Abramov, Andrey Y; (2024) Detection of NADH and NADPH levels in vivo identifies shift of glucose metabolism in cancer to energy production. The FEBS Journal 10.1111/febs.17067. (In press).

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Abstract

Profound changes in the metabolism of cancer cells have been known for almost 100 years, and many aspects of these changes have continued to be actively studied and discussed. Differences in the results of various studies can be explained by the diversity of tumours, which have differing processes of energy metabolism, and by limitations in the methods used. Here, using fluorescence lifetime needle optical biopsy in a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mouse model and patients with HCC, we measured reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) in control liver, and in HCC tumours and their adjacent regions. We found that NADH level (mostly responsible for energy metabolism) is increased in tumours but also in adjacent regions of the same liver. NADPH level is significantly decreased in the tumours of patients but increased in the HCC mouse model. However, in the ex vivo tumour slices of mouse HCC, reactive oxygen species production and glutathione level (both dependent on NADPH) were significantly suppressed. Thus, glucose-dependent NADH and NADPH production in tumours changed but with a more pronounced shift to energy production (NADH), rather than NADPH synthesis for redox balance.

Type: Article
Title: Detection of NADH and NADPH levels in vivo identifies shift of glucose metabolism in cancer to energy production
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/febs.17067
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/febs.17067
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Energy metabolism; fluorescence lifetime; hepatocellular carcinoma; liver cancer; optical biopsy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10188074
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