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Do antibody CDR loops change conformation upon binding?

Liu, Chu'nan; Denzler, Lilian M; Hood, Oliver EC; Martin, Andrew CR; (2024) Do antibody CDR loops change conformation upon binding? mAbs 10.1080/19420862.2024.2322533. (In press).

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Abstract

Antibodies have increasingly been developed as drugs with over 100 now licensed in the US or EU. During development, it is often necessary to increase or reduce the affinity of an antibody and rational attempts to do so rely on having a structure of the antibody-antigen complex often obtained by modelling. The antigen binding site consists primarily of six loops known as complementarity-determining regions (CDRs), and an open question has been whether these loops change their conformation when they bind to an antigen. Existing surveys of antibody-antigen complex structures have only examined CDR conformational change in case studies or small-scale surveys. With an increasing number of antibodies where both free and complexed structures have been deposited in the Protein Data Bank, a large-scale survey of CDR conformational change during binding is now possible. To this end, we built a dataset, AbAgDb, that currently includes 177 antibodies with high-quality CDRs, each of which has at least one bound and one unbound structure. We analyzed the conformational change of the Cα backbone of each CDR upon binding and found that, in most cases, the CDRs (other than CDR-H3) show minimal movement, while 70.6% and 87% of CDR-H3s showed global Cα RMSD ≤1.0Å and ≤2.0Å, respectively. We also compared bound CDR conformations with the conformational space of unbound CDRs and found most of the bound conformations are included in the unbound conformational space. In future, our results will contribute to developing insights into antibodies and new methods for modelling and docking.

Type: Article
Title: Do antibody CDR loops change conformation upon binding?
DOI: 10.1080/19420862.2024.2322533
Publisher version: https://www.tandfonline.com/journals/KMAB
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10187578
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