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Measuring and predicting the effect of remyelinating therapy in multiple sclerosis: a randomised controlled trial protocol (RESTORE)

Hof, Sam; Van Rijn, Laurentius J; Uitdehaag, Bernard MJ; Nij Bijvank, Jenny A; Petzold, Axel; (2024) Measuring and predicting the effect of remyelinating therapy in multiple sclerosis: a randomised controlled trial protocol (RESTORE). BMJ Open , 14 (1) , Article e076651. 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-076651. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction: Remyelination failure hampers symptomatic recovery in multiple sclerosis (MS), underlining the importance of developing remyelinating therapies. Optic neuritis is currently the most established method of measuring remyelination in MS trials. Complementary more generalisable methods of measuring remyelination are required to confirm treatment efficacy. Measuring internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) with infrared oculography provides such a method. Moreover, this method can be expanded with a test for selecting likely treatment responders by using fampridine. The aim of this trial is to investigate the (long-term) remyelinating effects of clemastine fumarate in patients with MS and INO and to evaluate if treatment response can be predicted using fampridine. // Methods and analysis: RESTORE is a single-centre double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial of clemastine fumarate versus placebo. Prior to clemastine treatment improvement in oculographic features of INO after a single 10 mg dose of fampridine is measured in all participants and used to predict the treatment response to clemastine. Eighty individuals with MS and INO will be 1:1 randomised to 4 mg of clemastine fumarate two times a day for 6 months or equivalent placebo. Our primary outcome is improvement in the Versional Dysconjugacy Index-area under the curve, measured by infrared oculography after 6 months of treatment. Participants are assessed for persistent treatment effects 6, 18 and 30 months after end of treatment. Secondary outcome measures include other oculography parameters including double-step saccades, retinal imaging, visual acuities, physical disability, cognition and patient-reported outcomes. // Ethics and dissemination: Clemastine is a registered and very well-established drug with well-known safety and side effects. The protocol was approved by the medical ethical committee of the Amsterdam UMC, location VUMC and the Dutch Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subject. Written informed consent is obtained from all participants. The results will be published in peer-reviewed medical scientific journals. // Trial registration number: EudraCT: 2021-003677-66, ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT05338450.

Type: Article
Title: Measuring and predicting the effect of remyelinating therapy in multiple sclerosis: a randomised controlled trial protocol (RESTORE)
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-076651
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-076651
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2024. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10187301
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