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MicroRNA profile of extracellular vesicles released by Müller glial cells

Lamb, William DB; Eastlake, Karen; Luis, Joshua; Sharif, Najam A; Khaw, Peng T; Limb, G Astrid; (2024) MicroRNA profile of extracellular vesicles released by Müller glial cells. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience , 17 , Article 1325114. 10.3389/fncel.2023.1325114. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: As with any other radial glia in the central nervous system, Müller glia derive from the same neuroepithelial precursors, perform similar functions, and exhibit neurogenic properties as radial glia in the brain. Müller glial cells retain progenitor-like characteristics in the adult human eye and can partially restore visual function upon intravitreal transplantation into animal models of glaucoma. Recently, it has been demonstrated that intracellular communication is possible via the secretion of nano-sized membrane-bound extracellular vesicles (EV), which contain bioactive molecules like microRNA (miRNA) and proteins that induce phenotypic changes when internalised by recipient cells. METHODS: We conducted high-throughput sequencing to profile the microRNA signature of EV populations secreted by Müller glia in culture and used bioinformatics tools to evaluate their potential role in the neuroprotective signalling attributed to these cells. RESULTS: Sequencing of miRNA within Müller EV suggested enrichment with species associated with stem cells such as miR-21 and miR-16, as well as with miRNA previously found to play a role in diverse Müller cell functions in the retina: miR-9, miR-125b, and the let-7 family. A total of 51 miRNAs were found to be differentially enriched in EV compared to the whole cells from which EV originated. Bioinformatics analyses also indicated that preferential enrichment of species was demonstrated to regulate genes involved in cell proliferation and survival, including PTEN, the master inhibitor of the PI3K/AKT pathway. DISCUSSION: The results suggest that the release by Müller cells of miRNA-enriched EV abundant in species that regulate anti-apoptotic signalling networks is likely to represent a significant proportion of the neuroprotective effect observed after the transplantation of these cells into animal models of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) depletion. Future studies will seek to evaluate the modulation of putative genes as well as the activation of these pathways in in vitro and in vivo models following the internalisation of Müller-EV by target retinal neurons.

Type: Article
Title: MicroRNA profile of extracellular vesicles released by Müller glial cells
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2023.1325114
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2023.1325114
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2024 Lamb, Eastlake, Luis, Sharif, Khaw and Limb. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Keywords: Müller glia, extracellular vesicles, microRNA, neuroprotection, retina
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10186755
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