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Mapping novel QTL and fine mapping of previously identified QTL associated with glucose tolerance using the collaborative cross mice

Abu-Toamih-Atamni, HJ; Lone, IM; Binenbaum, I; Mott, R; Pilalis, E; Chatziioannou, A; Iraqi, FA; (2024) Mapping novel QTL and fine mapping of previously identified QTL associated with glucose tolerance using the collaborative cross mice. Mammalian Genome , 35 pp. 31-55. 10.1007/s00335-023-10025-0. Green open access

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Abstract

A chronic metabolic illness, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a polygenic and multifactorial complicated disease. With an estimated 463 million persons aged 20 to 79 having diabetes, the number is expected to rise to 700 million by 2045, creating a significant worldwide health burden. Polygenic variants of diabetes are influenced by environmental variables. T2D is regarded as a silent illness that can advance for years before being diagnosed. Finding genetic markers for T2D and metabolic syndrome in groups with similar environmental exposure is therefore essential to understanding the mechanism of such complex characteristic illnesses. So herein, we demonstrated the exclusive use of the collaborative cross (CC) mouse reference population to identify novel quantitative trait loci (QTL) and, subsequently, suggested genes associated with host glucose tolerance in response to a high-fat diet. In this study, we used 539 mice from 60 different CC lines. The diabetogenic effect in response to high-fat dietary challenge was measured by the three-hour intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) test after 12 weeks of dietary challenge. Data analysis was performed using a statistical software package IBM SPSS Statistic 23. Afterward, blood glucose concentration at the specific and between different time points during the IPGTT assay and the total area under the curve (AUC0-180) of the glucose clearance was computed and utilized as a marker for the presence and severity of diabetes. The observed AUC0-180 averages for males and females were 51,267.5 and 36,537.5 mg/dL, respectively, representing a 1.4-fold difference in favor of females with lower AUC0-180 indicating adequate glucose clearance. The AUC0-180 mean differences between the sexes within each specific CC line varied widely within the CC population. A total of 46 QTL associated with the different studied phenotypes, designated as T2DSL and its number, for Type 2 Diabetes Specific Locus and its number, were identified during our study, among which 19 QTL were not previously mapped. The genomic interval of the remaining 27 QTL previously reported, were fine mapped in our study. The genomic positions of 40 of the mapped QTL overlapped (clustered) on 11 different peaks or close genomic positions, while the remaining 6 QTL were unique. Further, our study showed a complex pattern of haplotype effects of the founders, with the wild-derived strains (mainly PWK) playing a significant role in the increase of AUC values.

Type: Article
Title: Mapping novel QTL and fine mapping of previously identified QTL associated with glucose tolerance using the collaborative cross mice
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00335-023-10025-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00335-023-10025-0
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10185646
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