UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Bone tools, carnivore chewing and heavy percussion: assessing conflicting interpretations of Lower and Upper Palaeolithic bone assemblages

Parfitt, Simon A; Bello, Silvia M; (2024) Bone tools, carnivore chewing and heavy percussion: assessing conflicting interpretations of Lower and Upper Palaeolithic bone assemblages. Royal Society Open Science , 11 (1) , Article 231163. 10.1098/rsos.231163. Green open access

[thumbnail of parfitt-bello-2024-bone-tools-carnivore-chewing-and-heavy-percussion-assessing-conflicting-interpretations-of-lower-and.pdf]
Preview
PDF
parfitt-bello-2024-bone-tools-carnivore-chewing-and-heavy-percussion-assessing-conflicting-interpretations-of-lower-and.pdf - Published Version

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

The use of bone tools by early humans has provided valuable insights into their technology, behaviour and cognitive abilities. However, identifying minimally modified or unshaped Palaeolithic osseous tools can be challenging, particularly when they are mixed with bones altered by natural taphonomic processes. This has hampered the study of key technical innovations, such as the use of bones, antlers and teeth as hammers or pressure-flakers to work (knap) stone tools. Bones chewed by carnivores can resemble osseous knapping tools and have sometimes been mistaken for them. In this paper, we review recent advances in the study of osseous knapping tools with a focus on two Palaeolithic sites in the UK, the Acheulean Horse Butchery Site at Boxgrove and the Magdalenian site of Gough's Cave, where knapping tools were mis-attributed to carnivore chewing. These osseous knapping tools are investigated using microscopy, high-resolution imaging and comparisons with experimental knapping tools. This allows for new insights into human behaviour at these sites and opens fresh avenues for future research.

Type: Article
Title: Bone tools, carnivore chewing and heavy percussion: assessing conflicting interpretations of Lower and Upper Palaeolithic bone assemblages
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.231163
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.231163
Language: English
Additional information: © 2024 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: evolution of technology, bone tools, taphonomy, Palaeolithic archaeolog, AcheuleanMagdalenian
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10185576
Downloads since deposit
9Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item