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Monte Romero (Huelva), a silver producing workshop of the Tartessian period in SW Spain

Kassianidou, Vasiliki; (1993) Monte Romero (Huelva), a silver producing workshop of the Tartessian period in SW Spain. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), University of London. Green open access

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Abstract

The subject of the thesis is Monte Romero, a silver producing workshop situated in the Sierra Aracena (Huelva) in South-west Spain. Excavation of the site took place in 1986 and produced a number of archaeometallurgical finds connected with the extractive metallurgy of silver from complex ores. Based on the typological study of the pottery, the smelting activities were dated from the last half of the 7th century BC to the beginning of the 6th century BC. The period in question is known as the Tartessian period during which silver production increased due to the establishment of trading links between South-western Iberia and the Eastern Mediterranean Monte Romero offered a unique opportunity to understand the technology of this period. The objective of this research project was to reconstruct the process model based on the study of the archaeometallurgical finds. The first part of the thesis is a literature review on the subject of silver production Chapter 2 discusses the extractive metallurgy of lead and silver, and Chapter 3 presents a number of sites around the Eastern Mediterranean basin connected to silver production. The archaeology of the period presented in Chapter 4 places Monte Romero in its cultural context, while the discussion of contemporary sites located in the same area and also connected with silver production presented in Chapter 5 provides the archaeometallurgical background of the site. The second part of the thesis focuses on Monte Romero Chapter 6 presents the site, its history, the local geology, the excavation and the finds both archaeological and archaeometallurgical. This is followed by Chapter 7 on analytical techniques, in which the different methods used and the reasons for which these were chosen are outlined. The results are presented and discussed in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 is a synthesis of these results into a process model for the extraction of silver from a polymetallic complex ore as may have taken place at the ancient workshop of Monte Romero.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Monte Romero (Huelva), a silver producing workshop of the Tartessian period in SW Spain
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by ProQuest.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10185384
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