UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Conformationally regulated “nanozyme-like” cerium oxide with multiple free radical scavenging activities for osteoimmunology modulation and vascularized osseointegration

Bao, S; Yu, D; Tang, Z; Wu, H; Zhang, H; Wang, N; Liu, Y; ... Guo, Z; + view all (2024) Conformationally regulated “nanozyme-like” cerium oxide with multiple free radical scavenging activities for osteoimmunology modulation and vascularized osseointegration. Bioactive Materials , 34 pp. 64-79. 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.12.006. Green open access

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S2452199X23004024-main.pdf]
Preview
PDF
1-s2.0-S2452199X23004024-main.pdf - Published Version

Download (19MB) | Preview

Abstract

Given post-operative aseptic loosening in orthopedic disease treatment, osteointegration occurs at the bone-implant interface as a holistic process, including immunoregulation (e.g., macrophage polarization), angiogenesis and osteogenesis in sequence. In order to achieve early rapid and satisfactory osseointegration, different nano-shaped (nanocone, nanopolyhedron and nanoflower abbr. NC, NP & NF) cerium oxide (CeO2-x) coatings, endowed with “nanozyme-like” activities for multiple free radical elimination and osteoimmunology regulation, were hydrothermally synthesized on titanium alloy (TC4). In vitro cell experiments showed that nano-CeO2-x coated TC4 not only induced polarization of RAW264.7 cells toward M2 phenotype, but also promoted angiogenesis and vascularization of endothelial cells along with differentiation and mineralization of osteogenic precursor cells. Improvements in M2-polarized macrophage, angiogenesis, and bone regeneration were further confirmed in a rat femoral condyle model. Among the above three nano-morphologies, NF exhibited the best osseoinetegration. RNA sequencing and mechanism exploration suggested that the inhibition of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway was essential for immunomodulatory capacity of NF. In conclusion, it provided promising insights into the immunomodulatory exploitation of orthopedic implants.

Type: Article
Title: Conformationally regulated “nanozyme-like” cerium oxide with multiple free radical scavenging activities for osteoimmunology modulation and vascularized osseointegration
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.12.006
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.12.006
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communications Co. Ltd. under a Creative Commons license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Nanozyme-like” cerium oxide, Durable redox activation, Free radical scavenging, Osteoimmunology modulation, Vascularized osseointegration
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10184731
Downloads since deposit
12Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item