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Effect of Tafamidis on Cardiac Function in Patients With Transthyretin Amyloid Cardiomyopathy: A Post Hoc Analysis of the ATTR-ACT Randomized Clinical Trial

Shah, Sanjiv J; Fine, Nowell; Garcia-Pavia, Pablo; Klein, Allan L; Fernandes, Fabio; Weissman, Neil J; Maurer, Mathew S; ... Elliott, Perry; + view all (2023) Effect of Tafamidis on Cardiac Function in Patients With Transthyretin Amyloid Cardiomyopathy: A Post Hoc Analysis of the ATTR-ACT Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Cardiology 10.1001/jamacardio.2023.4147. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

IMPORTANCE: Tafamidis has been shown to improve survival in patients with transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) compared with placebo. However, its effect on cardiac function has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of tafamidis on cardiac function in patients with ATTR-CM. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was an exploratory, post hoc analysis of the Tafamidis in Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial (ATTR-ACT), a multicenter, international, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 randomized clinical trial conducted from December 2013 to February 2018. The ATTR-ACT included 48 sites in 13 counties and enrolled patients aged 18 to 90 years with ATTR-CM. Data were analyzed from July 2018 to September 2023. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized to tafamidis meglumine, 80 mg or 20 mg, or placebo for 30 months. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Patients were categorized based on left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction at enrollment as having heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (≥50%), mildly reduced ejection fraction (41% to 49%), or reduced ejection fraction (≤40%). Changes from baseline to month 30 in LV ejection fraction, LV stroke volume, LV global longitudinal strain, and the ratio of early mitral inflow velocity to septal and lateral early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/e') were compared in patients receiving tafamidis, 80 mg, vs placebo. RESULTS: A total of 441 patients were randomized in ATTR-ACT, and 436 patients had available echocardiographic data. Of 436 included patients, 393 (90.1%) were male, and the mean (SD) age was 74 (7) years. A total of 220 (50.5%), 119 (27.3%), and 97 (22.2%) had heart failure with preserved, mildly reduced, and reduced LV ejection fraction, respectively. Over 30 months, there was less pronounced worsening in 4 of the echocardiographic measures in patients receiving tafamidis, 80 mg (n = 176), vs placebo (n = 177) (least squares mean difference: LV stroke volume, 7.02 mL; 95% CI, 2.55-11.49; P = .002; LV global longitudinal strain, -1.02%; 95% CI, -1.73 to -0.31; P = .005; septal E/e', -3.11; 95% CI, -5.50 to -0.72; P = .01; lateral E/e', -2.35; 95% CI, -4.01 to -0.69; P = .006). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Compared with placebo, tafamidis, 80 mg, attenuated the decline of LV systolic and diastolic function over 30 months in patients with ATTR-CM. Approximately half of patients had mildly reduced or reduced LV ejection fraction at enrollment, suggesting that ATTR-CM should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients with heart failure regardless of underlying LV ejection fraction. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01994889.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of Tafamidis on Cardiac Function in Patients With Transthyretin Amyloid Cardiomyopathy: A Post Hoc Analysis of the ATTR-ACT Randomized Clinical Trial
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1001/jamacardio.2023.4147
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamacardio.2023.4147
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-ND License. © 2023 Shah SJ et al. JAMA Cardiology.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10183238
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