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TIE1 and TEK signalling, intraocular pressure, and primary open-angle glaucoma: a Mendelian randomization study

Rajasundaram, S; Zebardast, N; Mehta, P; Khawaja, AP; Warwick, A; Duchinski, K; Burgess, S; ... Wiggs, J; + view all (2023) TIE1 and TEK signalling, intraocular pressure, and primary open-angle glaucoma: a Mendelian randomization study. Journal of Translational Medicine , 21 , Article 847. 10.1186/s12967-023-04737-9. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: In primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only proven way of slowing vision loss. Schlemm’s canal (SC) is a hybrid vascular and lymphatic vessel that mediates aqueous humour drainage from the anterior ocular chamber. Animal studies support the importance of SC endothelial angiopoietin-TEK signalling, and more recently TIE1 signalling, in maintaining normal IOP. However, human genetic support for a causal role of TIE1 and TEK signalling in lowering IOP is currently lacking. Methods: GWAS summary statistics were obtained for plasma soluble TIE1 (sTIE1) protein levels (N = 35,559), soluble TEK (sTEK) protein levels (N = 35,559), IOP (N = 139,555) and POAG (Ncases = 16,677, Ncontrols = 199,580). Mendelian randomization (MR) was performed to estimate the association of genetically proxied TIE1 and TEK protein levels with IOP and POAG liability. Where significant MR estimates were obtained, genetic colocalization was performed to assess the probability of a shared causal variant (PPshared) versus distinct (PPdistinct) causal variants underlying TIE1/TEK signalling and the outcome. Publicly available single-nucleus RNA-sequencing data were leveraged to investigate differential expression of TIE1 and TEK in the human ocular anterior segment. Results: Increased genetically proxied TIE1 signalling and TEK signalling associated with a reduction in IOP (− 0.21 mmHg per SD increase in sTIE1, 95% CI = − 0.09 to − 0.33 mmHg, P = 6.57 × 10–4, and − 0.14 mmHg per SD decrease in sTEK, 95% CI = − 0.03 to − 0.25 mmHg, P = 0.011), but not with POAG liability. Colocalization analysis found that the probability of a shared causal variant was greater for TIE1 and IOP than for TEK and IOP (PPshared/(PPdistinct + PPshared) = 0.98 for TIE1 and 0.30 for TEK). In the anterior segment, TIE1 and TEK were preferentially expressed in SC, lymphatic, and vascular endothelium. Conclusions: This study provides novel human genetic support for a causal role of both TIE1 and TEK signalling in regulating IOP. Here, combined evidence from cis-MR and colocalization analyses provide stronger support for TIE1 than TEK as a potential IOP-lowering therapeutic target.

Type: Article
Title: TIE1 and TEK signalling, intraocular pressure, and primary open-angle glaucoma: a Mendelian randomization study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12967-023-04737-9
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-023-04737-9
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Colocalization, Intraocular pressure, Mendelian randomization, Primary open-angle glaucoma, TEK, TIE1, Animals, Humans, Intraocular Pressure, Glaucoma, Open-Angle, Mendelian Randomization Analysis, Angiopoietins
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10183216
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