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The Role of Vitamin D Supplementation on Airway Remodeling in Asthma: A Systematic Review

Salameh, Laila; Mahmood, Walid; Hamoudi, Rifat; Almazrouei, Khulood; Lochanan, Mahesh; Seyhoglu, Suheyl; Mahboub, Bassam; (2023) The Role of Vitamin D Supplementation on Airway Remodeling in Asthma: A Systematic Review. Nutrients , 15 (11) , Article 2477. 10.3390/nu15112477. Green open access

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Abstract

Asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease that affects millions of people worldwide, and its prevalence continues to increase. Vitamin D has been proposed as a potential environmental factor in asthma pathogenesis, due to its immunomodulatory effects. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation in order to prevent airway remodeling in asthmatic patients. Four electronic databases, namely PubMed, Embase, Clinical trails.gov, and CINAHL, were thoroughly searched to conduct a comprehensive literature review. The International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42023413798) contains a record of the registered protocol. We identified 9447 studies during the initial search; 9 studies (0.1%) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review. All included studies were experimental studies that investigated the impact of vitamin D supplementation on airway remodeling in asthma. The studies included in this review suggest that vitamin D inhibits airway smooth muscle cell contraction and remodeling, reduces inflammation, regulates collagen synthesis in the airways, and modulates the action of bronchial fibroblasts. However, one study suggests that TGF-β1 can impair vitamin D-induced and constitutive airway epithelial host defense mechanisms. Overall, vitamin D appears to have a potential role in the prevention and management of asthma.

Type: Article
Title: The Role of Vitamin D Supplementation on Airway Remodeling in Asthma: A Systematic Review
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/nu15112477
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15112477
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Nutrition & Dietetics, asthma, vitamin D, airway remodeling, inflammation, smooth muscle cell, SMOOTH-MUSCLE-CELLS, D ANALOG, PHOSPHORYLATION, CONTRACTILITY, INFECTIONS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10181631
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