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Comparative efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axial spondyloarthritis: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis

Deodhar, Atul; Machado, Pedro M; Mørup, Michael; Taieb, Vanessa; Willems, Damon; Orme, Michelle; Pritchett, David; (2023) Comparative efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axial spondyloarthritis: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis. Rheumatology , Article kead598. 10.1093/rheumatology/kead598. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of bimekizumab 160 mg every 4 weeks, a selective inhibitor of interleukin‑17F and 17A, with biologic/targeted synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (b/tsDMARDs) in non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: A systematic literature review identified randomised controlled trials until January 2023 for inclusion in Bayesian network meta-analyses (NMAs), including three b/tsDMARDs exposure networks: predominantly-naïve, naïve, and experienced. Outcomes were Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS)20, ASAS40, and ASAS partial remission (PR) response rates at 12-16 weeks. A safety NMA investigated discontinuations due to any reason and serious adverse events at 12-16 weeks. RESULTS: The NMA included 36 trials. The predominantly-naïve network provided the most comprehensive results. In the predominantly-naïve nr-axSpA analysis, bimekizumab had significantly higher ASAS20 response rates vs secukinumab 150 mg (with loading dose [LD]/without LD), and comparable response rates vs other active comparators. In the predominantly-naïve AS analysis, bimekizumab had significantly higher ASAS40 response rates vs secukinumab 150 mg (without LD), significantly higher ASAS-PR response rates vs secukinumab 150 mg (with LD), and comparable response rates vs other active comparators. Bimekizumab demonstrated similar safety to other b/tsDMARDs. CONCLUSION: Across ASAS outcomes, bimekizumab was comparable to most b/tsDMARDs, including ixekizumab, TNF inhibitors and upadacitinib, and achieved higher response rates vs secukinumab for some ASAS outcomes in predominantly b/tsDMARD-naïve nr-axSpA and AS patients at 12-16 weeks. In a pooled axSpA network, bimekizumab demonstrated comparable safety vs other b/tsDMARDs.

Type: Article
Title: Comparative efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axial spondyloarthritis: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead598
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kead598
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com
Keywords: Axial spondyloarthritis, Network meta-analysis, Systematic literature review, b/tsDMARDs, nr-axSpA, r-axSpA
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10181378
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