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Shooting the messenger: a systematic review investigating extracellular vesicle isolation and characterisation methods and their influence on understanding extracellular vesicles-radiotherapy interactions in glioblastoma

Robinson, SD; Samuels, M; Jones, W; Gilbert, D; Critchley, G; Giamas, G; (2023) Shooting the messenger: a systematic review investigating extracellular vesicle isolation and characterisation methods and their influence on understanding extracellular vesicles-radiotherapy interactions in glioblastoma. BMC Cancer , 23 , Article 939. 10.1186/s12885-023-11437-6. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) hold promise for improving our understanding of radiotherapy response in glioblastoma due to their role in intercellular communication within the tumour microenvironment (TME). However, methodologies to study EVs are evolving with significant variation within the EV research community. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise EV isolation and characterisation methodologies and how this influences our understanding of the findings from studies investigating radiotherapy and EV interactions in glioblastoma. 246 articles published up to 24/07/2023 from PubMed and Web of Science were identified using search parameters related to radiotherapy, EVs, and glioblastoma. Two reviewers evaluated study eligibility and abstracted data. RESULTS: In 26 articles eligible for inclusion (16 investigating the effects of radiotherapy on EVs, five investigating the effect of EVs on radiation response, and five clinical studies), significant heterogeneity and frequent omission of key characterisation steps was identified, reducing confidence that the results are related to EVs and their cargo as opposed to co-isolated bioactive molecules. However, the results are able to clearly identify interactions between EVs and radiotherapy bi-directionally within different cell types within the glioblastoma TME. These interactions facilitate transferable radioresistance and oncogenic signalling, highlighting that EVs are an important component in the variability of glioblastoma radiotherapy response. CONCLUSIONS: Future multi-directional investigations interrogating the whole TME are required to improve subsequent clinical translation, and all studies should incorporate up to date controls and reporting requirements to increase the validity of their findings. This would be facilitated by increased collaboration between less experienced and more experienced EV research groups.

Type: Article
Title: Shooting the messenger: a systematic review investigating extracellular vesicle isolation and characterisation methods and their influence on understanding extracellular vesicles-radiotherapy interactions in glioblastoma
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12885-023-11437-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-023-11437-6
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Glioblastoma, Radiotherapy, Extracellular vesicles
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10181217
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