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Detailed Clinical, Ophthalmic, and Genetic Characterization of ADGRV1-Associated Usher Syndrome

Daich Varela, M; Wong, SW; Kiray, G; Schlottmann, PG; Arno, G; Shams, ANA; Mahroo, OA; ... Michaelides, M; + view all (2023) Detailed Clinical, Ophthalmic, and Genetic Characterization of ADGRV1-Associated Usher Syndrome. American Journal of Ophthalmology , 256 pp. 186-195. 10.1016/j.ajo.2023.06.026. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: To present the clinical characteristics, retinal features, natural history, and genetics of ADGRV1-Usher syndrome (USH). Design: Multicenter international retrospective cohort study. Methods: Clinical notes, hearing loss history, multimodal retinal imaging, and molecular diagnosis were reviewed. Thirty patients (28 families) with USH type 2 and disease-causing variants in ADGRV1 were identified. Visual function, retinal imaging, and genetics were evaluated and correlated, with retinal features also compared with those of the commonest cause of USH type 2, USH2A-USH. Results: The mean age at the first visit was 38.6 ± 12.0 years (range: 19-74 years), and the mean follow-up time was 9.0 ± 7.7 years. Hearing loss was reported in the first decade of life by all patients, 3 (10%) described progressive loss, and 93% had moderate-severe impairment. Visual symptom onset was at 17.0 ± 7.7 years of age (range: 6-32 years), with 13 patients noticing problems before the age of 16. At baseline, 90% of patients had no or mild visual impairment. The most frequent retinal features were a hyperautofluorescent ring at the posterior pole (70%), perimacular patches of decreased autofluorescence (59%), and mild-moderate peripheral bone-spicule–like deposits (63%). Twenty-six (53%) variants were previously unreported, 19 families (68%) had double-null genotypes, and 9 were not-double-null. Longitudinal analysis showed significant differences between baseline and follow-up central macular thickness (−1.25 µm/y), outer nuclear layer thickness (−1.19 µm/y), and ellipsoid zone width (−40.9 µm/y). The rate of visual acuity decline was 0.02 LogMAR (1 letter)/y, and the rate of constriction of the hyperautofluorescent ring was 0.23 mm2/y. Conclusions: ADGRV1-USH is characterized by early-onset, usually non-progressive, mild-to-severe hearing loss and generally good central vision until late adulthood. Perimacular atrophic patches and relatively retained ellipsoid zone and central macular thickness in later adulthood are more often seen in ADGRV1-USH than in USH2A-USH.

Type: Article
Title: Detailed Clinical, Ophthalmic, and Genetic Characterization of ADGRV1-Associated Usher Syndrome
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2023.06.026
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2023.06.026
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10181023
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