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Safety and efficacy of pegunigalsidase alfa in patients with Fabry disease who were previously treated with agalsidase alfa: results from BRIDGE, a phase 3 open-label study

Linhart, A; Dostálová, G; Nicholls, K; West, ML; Tøndel, C; Jovanovic, A; Giraldo, P; ... Hughes, D; + view all (2023) Safety and efficacy of pegunigalsidase alfa in patients with Fabry disease who were previously treated with agalsidase alfa: results from BRIDGE, a phase 3 open-label study. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases , 18 (1) , Article 332. 10.1186/s13023-023-02937-6. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pegunigalsidase alfa is a novel, PEGylated α-galactosidase-A enzyme-replacement therapy approved in the EU and US to treat patients with Fabry disease (FD). OBJECTIVE/METHODS: BRIDGE is a phase 3 open-label, switch-over study designed to assess safety and efficacy of 12 months of pegunigalsidase alfa (1 mg/kg every 2 weeks) treatment in adults with FD who had been previously treated with agalsidase alfa (0.2 mg/kg every 2 weeks) for ≥ 2 years. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were screened; 22 met eligibility criteria; and 20 (13 men, 7 women) completed the study. Pegunigalsidase alfa was well-tolerated, with 97% of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) being of mild or moderate severity. The incidence of treatment-related TEAEs was low, with 2 (9%) discontinuations due to TEAEs. Five patients (23%) reported infusion-related reactions. Overall mean (SD; n = 22) baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 82.5 (23.4) mL/min/1.73 m2 and plasma lyso-Gb3 level was 38.3 (41.2) nmol/L (men: 49.7 [45.8] nmol/L; women: 13.8 [6.1] nmol/L). Before switching to pegunigalsidase alfa, mean (standard error [SE]) annualized eGFR slope was − 5.90 (1.34) mL/min/1.73 m2/year; 12 months post-switch, the mean eGFR slope was − 1.19 (1.77) mL/min/1.73 m2/year; and mean plasma lyso-Gb3 reduced by 31%. Seven (35%) out of 20 patients were positive for pegunigalsidase alfa antidrug antibodies (ADAs) at ≥ 1 study timepoint, two of whom had pre-existing ADAs at baseline. Mean (SE) changes in eGFR slope for ADA-positive and ADA-negative patients were + 5.47 (3.03) and + 4.29 (3.15) mL/min/1.73 m2/year, respectively, suggesting no negative impact of anti-pegunigalsidase alfa ADAs on eGFR slope. CONCLUSION: Pegunigalsidase alfa may offer a safe and effective treatment option for patients with FD, including those previously treated with agalsidase alfa. TRN: NCT03018730. Date of registration: January 2017.

Type: Article
Title: Safety and efficacy of pegunigalsidase alfa in patients with Fabry disease who were previously treated with agalsidase alfa: results from BRIDGE, a phase 3 open-label study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s13023-023-02937-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13023-023-02937-6
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 BioMed Central Ltd. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10180937
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