UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Estimation of non-health gross domestic product (NHGDP) loss due to COVID-19 deaths in West Bengal, India

Bhattacharya, Paramita; John, Denny; Mukherjee, Nirmalaya; Ms, Narassima; Menon, Jaideep; Banerjee, Amitava; (2023) Estimation of non-health gross domestic product (NHGDP) loss due to COVID-19 deaths in West Bengal, India. BMJ Open , 13 (10) , Article e072559. 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-072559. Green open access

[thumbnail of e072559.full.pdf]
Preview
Text
e072559.full.pdf - Published Version

Download (662kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The state of West Bengal witnessed a significant surge of COVID-19 in all three waves. However, there is a gap in understanding the economic loss associated with COVID-19. This study estimates future non-health gross domestic product (NHGDP) losses associated with COVID-19 deaths in West Bengal, India. SETTING: Various open domains were used to gather data on COVID-19 deaths in West Bengal and the aforementioned estimates. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The NHGDP losses were evaluated using the cost-of-illness approach. Future NHGDP losses were discounted at 3%. Excess death estimates by the WHO and Global Burden of Disease (GBD) were used. Sensitivity analysis was carried out by varying discount rates and average age of death (AAD). RESULTS: 21 532 deaths in West Bengal from 17 March 2020 to 31 December 2022 decreased the future NHGDP by $0.92 billion. Nearly 90% of loss was due to deaths occurring in the age group of 30 years and above. Majority of the NHGDP loss was borne by the 46-60 years age group. NHGDP loss/death was $55,171; however, the average loss/death declined with rise in age. Based on the GBD and WHO excess death estimates, the NHGDP loss increased to $9.38 billion and $9.42 billion, respectively. When the lower age interval is considered as AAD, the NHGDP loss increased to $1.3 billion. At 5% and 10% discount rates, the losses reduced to $0.767 billion and $0.549 billion, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the study suggest that COVID-19 contributed to a major economic loss in West Bengal. The mortality and morbidity caused by COVID-19, the substantial economic costs at individual and population levels in West Bengal, and probably across India and other countries, is another economic argument for better infection control strategies across the globe to minimise the impact of COVID-19.

Type: Article
Title: Estimation of non-health gross domestic product (NHGDP) loss due to COVID-19 deaths in West Bengal, India
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-072559
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-072559
Language: English
Additional information: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Keywords: COVID-19, Economics, HEALTH ECONOMICS, Humans, Adult, Gross Domestic Product, COVID-19, Global Burden of Disease, Morbidity, India, Cost of Illness
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10180869
Downloads since deposit
2Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item