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Intracoronary imaging guided percutaneous coronary intervention outcomes among individuals with cardiogenic shock

Mohamed, Mohamed O; Kinnaird, Tim; Rab, Syed Tanveer; Zaman, Sarah; Banerjee, Amitava; Sirker, Alex; Mintz, Gary; (2023) Intracoronary imaging guided percutaneous coronary intervention outcomes among individuals with cardiogenic shock. Catheterization & Cardiovascular Interventions 10.1002/ccd.30859. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist around the utility of intracoronary imaging (ICI) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and cardiogenic shock (CS), who are inherently at a high risk of stent thrombosis (ST). METHODS: All PCI procedures for ACS patients with CS in England and Wales between 2014 and 2020 were retrospectively analysed, stratified into two groups: ICI and angiography-guided groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to examine odds ratios (OR) of in-hospital outcomes, including major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE; composite of all-cause mortality, acute stroke/transient ischaemic attack (TIA), and reinfarction) and major bleeding, in the ICI-guided group compared with angiography-guided PCI. RESULTS: Of 15,738 PCI procedures, 1240(7.9%) were ICI-guided. The rate of ICI use amongst those with CS more than doubled from 2014 (5.7%) to 2020 (13.3%). The ICI-guided group were predominantly younger, males, with a higher proportion of non-ST-elevation ACS and ST. MACCE was significantly lower in the ICI-guided group compared with the angiography-guided group (crude: 29.8% vs. 38.2%, adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.65 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.56-0.76), driven by lower all-cause mortality (28.6% vs. 37.0%, OR 0.65 95% CI 0.55-0.75). There were no differences in other secondary outcomes between groups. CONCLUSION: ICI use among CS patients has more than doubled over 6 years but remains significantly under-utilized, with less than 1-in-6 patients in receipt of ICI-guided PCI by 2020. ICI-guided PCI is associated with prognostic benefits in CS patients and should be more frequently utilized to increase their long-term survival.

Type: Article
Title: Intracoronary imaging guided percutaneous coronary intervention outcomes among individuals with cardiogenic shock
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ccd.30859
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.30859
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Keywords: IVUS, OCT, cardiogenic shock, intravascular imaging, outcomes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Clinical Epidemiology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10179829
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