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Intracerebral Hemorrhage among Blood Donors and Their Transfusion Recipients

Zhao, J; Rostgaard, K; Lauwers, E; Dahlén, T; Ostrowski, SR; Erikstrup, C; Pedersen, OB; ... Edgren, G; + view all (2023) Intracerebral Hemorrhage among Blood Donors and Their Transfusion Recipients. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association , 330 (10) pp. 941-950. 10.1001/jama.2023.14445. Green open access

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Abstract

Importance: Recent reports have suggested that cerebral amyloid angiopathy, a common cause of multiple spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs), may be transmissible through parenteral injection of contaminated cadaveric pituitary hormone in humans. Objective: To determine whether spontaneous ICH in blood donors after blood donation is associated with development of spontaneous ICH in transfusion recipients. Design, Setting, and Participants: Exploratory retrospective cohort study using nationwide blood bank and health register data from Sweden (main cohort) and Denmark (validation cohort) and including all 1089370 patients aged 5 to 80 years recorded to have received a red blood cell transfusion from January 1, 1970 (Sweden), or January 1, 1980 (Denmark), until December 31, 2017. Exposures: Receipt of red blood cell transfusions from blood donors who subsequently developed (1) a single spontaneous ICH, (2) multiple spontaneous ICHs, or (3) no spontaneous ICH. Main Outcomes and Measures: Spontaneous ICH in transfusion recipients; ischemic stroke was a negative control outcome. Results: A total of 759858 patients from Sweden (median age, 65 [IQR, 48-73] years; 59% female) and 329512 from Denmark (median age, 64 [IQR, 50-73] years; 58% female) were included, with a median follow-up of 5.8 (IQR, 1.4-12.5) years and 6.1 (IQR, 1.5-11.6) years, respectively. Patients who underwent transfusion with red blood cell units from donors who developed multiple spontaneous ICHs had a significantly higher risk of a single spontaneous ICH themselves, compared with patients receiving transfusions from donors who did not develop spontaneous ICH, in both the Swedish cohort (unadjusted incidence rate [IR], 3.16 vs 1.12 per 1000 person-years; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.73; 95% CI, 1.72-4.35; P <.001) and the Danish cohort (unadjusted IR, 2.82 vs 1.09 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.04-5.19; P =.04). No significant difference was found for patients receiving transfusions from donors who developed a single spontaneous ICH in the Swedish cohort (unadjusted IR, 1.35 vs 1.12 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.84-1.36; P =.62) nor the Danish cohort (unadjusted IR, 1.36 vs 1.09 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.70-1.60; P =.73), nor for ischemic stroke as a negative control outcome. Conclusions and Relevance: In an exploratory analysis of patients who received red blood cell transfusions, patients who underwent transfusion with red blood cells from donors who later developed multiple spontaneous ICHs were at significantly increased risk of spontaneous ICH themselves. This may suggest a transfusion-transmissible agent associated with some types of spontaneous ICH, although the findings may be susceptible to selection bias and residual confounding, and further research is needed to investigate if transfusion transmission of cerebral amyloid angiopathy might explain this association..

Type: Article
Title: Intracerebral Hemorrhage among Blood Donors and Their Transfusion Recipients
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1001/jama.2023.14445
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2023.14445
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Aged, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Blood Donors, Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Cerebral Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke, Retrospective Studies, Erythrocyte Transfusion, Registries, Sweden, Denmark, Child, Preschool, Child, Adolescent, Young Adult, Adult, Aged, 80 and over, Transplant Recipients, Communicable Diseases
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > UK Dementia Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10179601
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