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An adapted algorithm for patient engagement in care for young people living with perinatal HIV in England

Le Prevost, Marthe; Ford, Deborah; Crichton, Siobhan; Bamford, Alasdair; Judd, Ali; (2023) An adapted algorithm for patient engagement in care for young people living with perinatal HIV in England. BMC Health Services Research , 23 , Article 1114. 10.1186/s12913-023-10122-5. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that engagement in care (EIC) may be worse in young people living with perinatal HIV (YPLPHIV) compared to adults or children living with HIV. We took a published EIC algorithm for adults with HIV, which takes patients’ clinical scenarios into account, and adapted it for use in YPLPHIV in England, to measure their EIC. METHODS: The adult algorithm predicts when in the next 6 months the next clinic visit should be scheduled, based on routinely collected clinical indicators at the current visit. We updated the algorithm based on the latest adult guidelines at the time, and modified it for young people in paediatric care using the latest European paediatric guidelines. Paediatric/adolescent HIV consultants from the UK reviewed and adapted the resulting flowcharts. The adapted algorithm was applied to the Adolescent and Adults Living with Perinatal HIV (AALPHI) cohort in England. Data for 12 months following entry into AALPHI were used to predicted visits which were then compared to appointment attendances, to measure whether young people were in care in each month. Proxy markers (e.g. dates of CD4 counts, viral loads (VL)) were used to indicate appointment attendance. RESULTS: Three hundred sixteen patients were in AALPHI, of whom 41% were male, 82% of black African ethnicity and 58% born abroad. At baseline (time of AALPHI interview) median [IQR] age was 17 [15–18] years, median CD4 was 597 [427, 791] cells/µL and 69% had VL ≤50c/mL. 10 patients were dropped due to missing data. 306 YPLPHIV contributed 3,585 person months of follow up across the 12 month study in which a clinic visit was recorded for 1,204 months (38/1204 dropped due to missing data). The remaining 1,166 months were classified into 3 groups: Group-A: on ART, VL ≤ 50c/mL—63%(734/1,166) visit months, Group-B: on ART, VL > 50c/mL—27%(320/1,166) Group-C: not on ART-10%(112/1,166). Most patients were engaged in care with 87% (3,126/3,585) of months fulfilling the definition of engaged in care. CONCLUSIONS: The adapted algorithm allowed the varying clinical scenarios of YPLPHIV to be taken into account when measuring EIC. However availability of good quality surveillance data is crucial to ensure that EIC can be measured well.

Type: Article
Title: An adapted algorithm for patient engagement in care for young people living with perinatal HIV in England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-023-10122-5
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-023-10122-5
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 BioMed Central Ltd. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10179227
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