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Remote haemodynamic monitoring of pulmonary artery pressures in patients with chronic heart failure (MONITOR-HF): a randomised clinical trial

Brugts, Jasper J; Radhoe, Sumant P; Clephas, Pascal RD; Aydin, Dilan; Van Gent, Marco WF; Szymanski, Mariusz K; Rienstra, Michiel; ... MONITOR-HF investigators; + view all (2023) Remote haemodynamic monitoring of pulmonary artery pressures in patients with chronic heart failure (MONITOR-HF): a randomised clinical trial. The Lancet , 401 (10394) pp. 2113-2123. 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00923-6. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: The effect of haemodynamic monitoring of pulmonary artery pressure has predominantly been studied in the USA. There is a clear need for randomised trial data from patients treated with contemporary guideline-directed-medical-therapy with long-term follow-up in a different health-care system. // Methods: MONITOR-HF was an open-label, randomised trial, done in 25 centres in the Netherlands. Eligible patients had chronic heart failure of New York Heart Association class III and a previous heart failure hospitalisation, irrespective of ejection fraction. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to haemodynamic monitoring (CardioMEMS-HF system, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL, USA) or standard care. All patients were scheduled to be seen by their clinician at 3 months and 6 months, and every 6 months thereafter, up to 48 months. The primary endpoint was the mean difference in the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) overall summary score at 12 months. All analyses were by intention-to-treat. This trial was prospectively registered under the clinical trial registration number NTR7673 (NL7430) on the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. // Findings: Between April 1, 2019, and Jan 14, 2022, we randomly assigned 348 patients to either the CardioMEMS-HF group (n=176 [51%]) or the control group (n=172 [49%]). The median age was 69 years (IQR 61–75) and median ejection fraction was 30% (23–40). The difference in mean change in KCCQ overall summary score at 12 months was 7·13 (95% CI 1·51–12·75; p=0·013) between groups (+7·05 in the CardioMEMS group, p=0·0014, and –0·08 in the standard care group, p=0·97). In the responder analysis, the odds ratio (OR) of an improvement of at least 5 points in KCCQ overall summary score was OR 1·69 (95% CI 1·01–2·83; p=0·046) and the OR of a deterioration of at least 5 points was 0·45 (0·26–0·77; p=0·0035) in the CardioMEMS-HF group compared with in the standard care group. The freedom of device-related or system-related complications and sensor failure were 97·7% and 98·8%, respectively. // Interpretation: Haemodynamic monitoring substantially improved quality of life and reduced heart failure hospitalisations in patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure treated according to contemporary guidelines. These findings contribute to the aggregate evidence for this technology and might have implications for guideline recommendations and implementation of remote pulmonary artery pressure monitoring. // Funding: The Dutch Ministry of Health, Health Care Institute (Zorginstituut), and Abbott Laboratories.

Type: Article
Title: Remote haemodynamic monitoring of pulmonary artery pressures in patients with chronic heart failure (MONITOR-HF): a randomised clinical trial
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00923-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00923-6
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Clinical Epidemiology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10178521
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